The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and
geastational diabetes. Diabetic patients are monitored by a team consisting of an endocrinologist, internal medicine specialist, dietitian and diabetes nurse and diabetes training is provided to the patients in our hospital. Technological treatment and monitoring systems such as insulin pump, continuous blood glucose monitoring are applied in our polyclinic.
Obesity is an important and common condition. Obesity forms basis for many diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, joint problems. The most common cause for obesity is failure to spend sufficient calories against intake of excessive calories. However, obesity may be related to a very severe endocrine disease (i.e. Cushing's syndrome) and detection of this condition is important.
Thyroid gland is an endocrine organ. Thyroid diseases are the most common health problems in the community. Common thyroid diseases include goiter (with/without nodule), less functioning thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), much functioning thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism), thyroiditis, thyroid cancer.
Parathyroid Gland Diseases
Parathyroid glands are located on posterior side of the thyroid gland and regulate calcium metabolism. Common parathyroid gland diseases are less (hypoparathyroidism) or much (hyperparathyroidism) function of the parathyroid glands.
Pituitary Gland Diseases
Pituitary Gland is a hormone-releasing organ located on the brainstem. Insufficient functioning of the pituitary gland (hypopituitarism), tumors (prolactinoma, acromegalia, Cushing's disease, non-functioning tumors etc.), hypophisitis are common diseases of the hypophisis. Diseases of the pituitary gland is treated and followed by endocrinology department and some department such as neurosurgery, radiation oncology are cooperated when necessary.
Adrenal Glands are located on both kidneys. Insufficient functioning of the adrenal gland (adrenal gland failure), over functioning or tumors (non-functional tumors, Cushing syndrome, pheochromacytoma, primary hyperaldosteronism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenal gland cancers etc.) are common diseases of the adrenal gland.
Hirsutism (excessive hairing) is a common healthcare problem and may indicate a severe health problem like polycystic ovary syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing syndrome. Differential diagnosis and treatment of these diseases are in the field of interest of endocrinology.
Sex Hormone Disorders
Diseases associated with failure of sex hormones in women and men are generally together with deficiency of other hormones in majority of the patients and these patients are tested and treated by endocrinology.
Osteoporosis and Other Metabolic Bone Diseases
Osteoporosis is a bone metabolism disease. Although the most common form is osteoporosis during menopause, differential diagnosis of osteoporosis due to other reasons is important to provide accurate treatment fo rthe patient. Besides osteoporosis, endocrinology interests in metabolic bone diseases such as Paget's disease, osteogenesis imperfecta etc.
Treatment of lipid metabolism diseases and rare metabolic diseases as well as lipid metabolism disorders known as hypercholestrolemia in cardiology and internal diseases clinics are usual. Because high cholesterol level is a cause for cardiovascular diseases, this procedure provides sufficient treatment for the patient. However, treatment of a group of lipid metabolism disease is more complex and these patients are followed by an endocrinologist. Similarly, treatment of metabolism diseases such as Gaucher, Nieman Pick, Fabry etc. is within professional field of endocrinology and metabolic diseases.Back