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Treatment of Varicose Veins

Department of Peripheral Vascular Surgery

Peripheral Artery Disease that occurs at the result of obstruction of the arteries going to the arms and legs is a very common situation observed in the society. The incidence of this disease rises with increasing age and it may causes loss of limbs if not treated. It can be diagnosed by physical examination. Liv Hospital offers all the technological possibilities for further evaluations.
Treatment Unit for Varicose Veins
Varicose veins in the legs are one of the most common problems today especially for women. It can be treated due to esthetic concerns or pain and swelling emerged in the legs. There are a lot of methods used for the treatment of varicose veins. Main treatment methods are open surgery, intervention with laser or radiofrequency ablation and foam treatment. Liv Hospital provides service to its patients using all of these methods.
Common complaints of the patients with varicose veins include pain, swelling, itching of legs, heaviness increasing towards the evening, and increasing night cramps. These complaints affect the life of the people in negative manner and distort the quality of life. They reduce the working performance. It is effective in choosing clothes especially in women due to cosmetic concerns. Women with varicose veins try to cover their legs by wearing pants or using cosmetic products.

Diagnosis

It can be diagnosed by physical examination. Color Doppler ultrasonography is an indispensable part of this examination. This test is an indolent imaging method that does not burden to patient.

Treatment Methods

Leakage of vein may exist in one fifth of the people with the prominent veins in the leg. This leakage occurs at the result of insufficient valves inside the veins. There may be different ways to eliminate this leakage.
Open Surgery: Both ends of the vein are located through a small incision performed from the groin and infrapatellar region. A wire is advanced inside it and then pulled. So the vein is broken and removed.
Laser Treatment: A laser catheter is inserted in the leaked vein under ultrasonographic guidance. The vein is cauterized using the laser energy.

Radiofrequency Ablation:  a radiofrequency catheter is inserted in the leaked vein. The vein is closed using the radiofrequency energy.

The most common methods for the prominent veins in the leg:

Sclerotherapy (needle treatment): It can be applied in the form of liquid or foam. The substance infused in the vein cauterizes the inner wall of the vein and allows the vein to close. Thus, prominent veins are removed. On the first days following sclerotherapy, the patient is sent home with high-pressure socks or bandages. Use of socks for at least three weeks after the operation increases the success of the procedure. If reflux is identified based on the Doppler ultrasonography, the patient and the physician should talk about the matter in detail about the advantages and disadvantages and risks of the intervention and expectations of the patient. Patient with no intervention should wear surgical stocking regularly every day.

Laser Treatment: Prominent veins in the legs are removed using external laser application.

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